Posture - What is it?
What is posture?
To most people, #posture describes an overall body position. Ask people to demonstrate poor posture and many will adopt a slouched or hunched position; ask them to switch to a good posture and people will tend raise their spine, retract their shoulders and raise their chins. Good posture requires a person to maintain alignment of certain body parts.
The postures that we hold provide clues to the condition of our body, injuries old and new and how we feel about ourselves – our confidence levels – how much energy and enthusiasm we have. Interestingly, we all almost adopt the same posture responses to the same emotions.
If you observed 10 people feeling confident, optimistic and energetic, you will notice most standing tall, chests out and heads up. You would observe most with a wide stance, giving a strong base of support. In contrast, if you observed 10 people feeling anxious, demotivated or down, you may notice weight shifted on to one leg, a slight flexion at waist and head looking down rather than up and head.
“the state of muscular and skeletal balance which protects the supporting structures of the body against injury and progressive deformity”
“when the muscles function most efficiently”
Factors affecting posture
Structural or anatomical
Discrepancy in bone lengths
Extra ribs / vertebrae
Posture changes as we grow old in different adult forms
Posture can change temporarily when alert or subdued
Pain or discomfort can affect posture
Illness or disease
Mal-alignment of breaks or fractures
Conditions causing decrease in muscle tone
Various positions dependent on nature of work
Dependent on various sports / hobbies
Temperature can affect body posture
Social or Cultural
People or grow up sitting cross-legged develop different postures to those sat on chairs
Posture subconsciously matches our mood
Common posture problems
• Lordosis = an increase in the anterior lumbar curve
• Kyphosis = an increase in the posterior thoracic curve
• Scoliosis = lateral curvature